The Impact of Islam on the World Today

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Islam is one of the world’s major religions, with over 1.8 billion followers worldwide, making up roughly 24% of the global population. It has been the most influential religion in the Middle East, North Africa, South Asia, and parts of Southeast Asia for more than 1,400 years. The impact of Islam on the world can be felt in many aspects of human life, from politics and economics to culture and architecture.

Islam’s Influence on World Politics

Islam has had a significant impact on world politics, particularly in the Middle East, where it has been a dominating force for centuries. Even in non-Muslim countries, Islamic traditions and values have had an impact on politics, as seen with the growing popularity of Islamic political parties. The Islamic State is an extreme example of Islam’s influence on world politics, as it strives to establish a caliphate that will unite Muslim nations under strict Sharia law.

Islam’s Role in Economics

Islam’s teachings have influenced economic theory and practice throughout the world, particularly in the Muslim-majority nations, where many business practices are based on Islamic finance principles. The idea of interest-free banking, also known as “Islamic banking,” has become increasingly popular. Many banks in the Middle East and Southeast Asia are now offering Islamic banking products and services that meet the Shariah’s principles of risk-sharing and profit-and-loss sharing.

Islam’s Impact on Culture and Society

Islam has had a profound impact on culture and society, influencing art, music, literature, and architecture. Islamic art, for example, features geometric patterns and calligraphy, and has influenced art styles in many other cultures. Islamic music has also had a significant impact on world music, with many musical traditions in the Middle East, Central Asia, and South Asia influenced by Islamic musical traditions.

Islamic literature has had a significant influence on world literature, from the Quran to works by Muslim writers. Many Arabic, Persian, and Urdu works, for instance, are considered classics of world literature.

Islamic architecture has had a significant impact on world architecture, with Islamic architectural styles influencing many cultures worldwide. Examples can be seen in the Taj Mahal, the Great Mosque of Damascus, and the Great Mosque of Cordoba.

Islam’s Influence on Science and Technology

Islam has also had a significant impact on science and technology, from the development of algebra to advances in medicine. Many Muslim scientists made significant contributions to astronomy, mathematics, physics, and medicine during the Islamic Golden Age (8th to 13th centuries). The Islamic scholars also translated ancient Greek and Roman works into Arabic, which helped bring these works to Europe and form the foundation of Western scientific thought.


In conclusion, Islam’s impact on the world today is significant in many areas of human life, including politics, economics, culture, and science. It has influenced the arts, literature, and architecture, as well as popularized Islamic traditions and values worldwide. Moreover, Islamic banking and financial systems have become increasingly popular and have attracted interest from many investors worldwide. Despite the challenges facing Islam in today’s world, its impact on the world will continue to extend far into the future, with many teachings and practices shaping our society in countless ways.

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